Technology Trends for 2019 and the Jobs They’ll Create
As technology evolves rapidly, we see some technology trends start mushrooming in the market with faster progress and change, causing an acceleration in the rate of change that it eventually becomes exponential. We observed technology-based careers don’t change at that same speed, but they do evolve, and the savvy IT professional recognizes that his or her role will not stay the same. The IT worker of the 21st century will constantly be learning, out of necessity if not desire.
Hence we need to stay up to date with technology trends and keeping and eye on the future by knowing which skills we’ll need to know along with what types of jobs you want to be qualified to do. Here are some technology trends in 2019 and some jobs opportunities that will be created because of these trends. Our future generation and existing IT professionals can opt to equip themselves with the required knowledge for one of these emerging jobs.
1. Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has received a lot of attention in recent years, and it continues to be a trend to watch as it can affect our lives, work and play even during its early development stages. AI simply refers to computers systems built to mimic human intelligence and perform tasks such as recognition of images, speech or patterns and decision making on a faster and more accurate level reducing the human error part of the equation. While AI automation can potentially lead to many job loss, but it also creates new career opportunities at the same time such as development, programming, testing, maintenance and support just to name a few.
2. Machine Learning
Machine Learning is a subset of AI. With Machine Learning, computers are programmed to learn to do something they are not programmed to do:- they literally learn by discovering patterns and insights from data. In general, we have two types of learning, supervised and unsupervised.
Within the Machine Learning, new specialized skills emerged in the field of neural networks, natural language processing (NLP), and deep learning. As Machine Learning is rapidly being deployed in all kinds of industries, this creates a huge demand for skilled professionals which will only expected to grow faster in near future. Machine Learning applications are used for data analytics, data mining and pattern recognition. On the consumer end, Machine Learning powers web search results, real-time ads and network intrusion detection, etc.
3. Robotic Process Automation or RPA
Robotic Process Automation (RPA), is another technology that is automating jobs. It is the use of software to automate business processes such as interpreting applications, processing transactions, dealing with data, and even replying to emails. RPA automates repetitive tasks that people used to do. These are not just the menial tasks of a low-paid worker: up to 45 percent of the activities we do can be automated. RPA offers plenty of career opportunities, including developer, project manager, business analyst, solution architect, and consultant.
Blockchain can be described as data you can only add to, not take away from or make any modification. The term “chain” because you’re making a chain of data which cannot be broken but only added to. This is what makes it secure and they are consensus-driven which means that no entity can take over the data. Blockchain technology often being used in relation to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, protect assets such as art and real estate as it plays a significant role in protecting information such as personal medical data.
5. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
Virtual Reality (VR) immerses the user in an environment while Augment Reality (AR) enhances their environment. Although VR has primarily been used for gaming thus far, it has also been used for training, as with VirtualShip, a simulation software used to train U.S. Navy, Army and Coast Guard ship captains. The popular Pokemon Go is an example of AR.
Both VR and AR have enormous potential in training, entertainment, education, marketing, and even rehabilitation after an injury. Either could be used to train doctors to do surgery, offer museum-goers a deeper experience, enhance theme parks, or even enhance marketing, like the Pepsi Max bus shelter.
6. Internet of Things
Internet of things (IoT) is the future of all technology. Many things are now built in WiFi connectivity, which means they can be connected to the internet. Hence, they can exchange data when they are connected to the internet. We will exceed over 30 billion devices by 2020 connected to the internet. Consumers are already benefiting from IoT. They can lock their doors remotely if they forget, turn on air conditioning on their way back from work, track their fitness and even control their laundry. Although it sounds like a game you’d play on your smartphone, the Internet of Things (IoT) is the future. IoT is able to provide better safety, efficiency and decision making for businesses as data is collected and analyzed. It can enable predictive maintenance, speed up medical care, improve customer service, and offer benefits we haven’t even imagined yet. However despite the development and adoption of IoT, experts say a lack of IT professionals for this field and the inadequate skill levels can be the industry’s biggest obstacle to growth.